Knowledge Capital, Endogenous Growth and Regional Disparities in Productivity: Multi-level Evidences from China (Xiaolan Fu, Shujin Zhu and Yundan Gong)
This paper examines the role of knowledge capital in persistent regional productivity disparities in developing countries. The hypotheses are tested using regional and firm level longitudinal data from China. It is found that inequalities in knowledge creation and transfer, both inter-generational and international, played a significant role in increasing regional disparities in productivity. These inequalities are exacerbated by the accumulative nature of knowledge capital. All this leads to self-perpetuating
cycles of success and failure, particularly compounded with asymmetric financial and human capital between different regions.